OUTCOMES:

Producción del artículo “Violencia Paramilitar en Sectores Económicos Claves en Honduras: El Brazo Violento del Desarrollo.” [Spanish].

Después de más de 10 años de estudiar grupos paramilitares y su relación con el estado en Colombia, Jasmin Hristov expandió sus investigaciones sobre el tema de violencia paramilitar a la región de Centroamérica y México. Como producto del proyecto Violencia y Despojo de la Tierra donde se realizaron mas de 100 entrevistas con campesinos, defensores de derechos humanos, ambientalistas, estudiantes, y periodistas, Jasmin demuestra en el siguiente articulo como la violencia paramilitar ha sido instrumental para la expansión y consolidación de operaciones capitalistas a gran escala en los sectores de la agroindustria, el turismo, la minería y la energía, así como la imposición de reformas neoliberales en la gestión territorial, la educación y los sectores de la salud. En “Violencia Paramilitar en Sectores Económicos Claves en Honduras: El Brazo Violento del ‘Desarrollo’” con la colaboración de Karen Spring, Jasmin argumenta que la violencia paramilitar al servicio de corporaciones locales y extranjeras casi siempre ha tenido lugar en un entorno altamente militarizado, caracterizado por la violencia estatal, la represión y la criminalización de los movimientos sociales, donde colaboran actores estatales y no estatales directamente o al menos facilitan las operaciones. Un análisis mas largo en ingles estaría disponible en el libro Grupos Paramilitares y el Estado bajo la Globalización: Violencia Política, Elites y Seguridad que presenta una colección de capítulos sobre fuerzas paramilitares en diferentes partes del mundo. El libro va a ser publicado con la editorial de Routledge.

PUBLICATIONS:

Hristov, J. (2020). The Capital-State Nexus and its War on Women. In Caliskan, G. (Ed.). Gendering Globalization, Globalizing Gender. Toronto: Oxford University Press. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/gendering-globalization-globalizing-gender-9780199030729?lang=en&cc=ma#

Hristov, J. (2020). Globalization, Militarization, and Violence in Latin America. In Caliskan, G. (Ed.). Gendering Globalization, Globalizing Gender. Toronto: Oxford University Press. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/gendering-globalization-globalizing-gender-9780199030729?lang=en&cc=ma#

Hristov, J. (2020). Pro-Capitalist Violence and Globalization: Lessons from Latin America. In Hosseini, S.A.H., Goodman, J., Motta, S.C., & Gills, B.K. (Eds.)The Routledge Handbook of Transformative Global Studies. London: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/The-Routledge-Handbook-of-Transformative-Global-Studies-1st-Edition/Hosseini-Goodman-Motta-Gills/p/book/9781138601123

Hristov, J., Sprague, J. and Tauss, A. (Eds). Paramilitary groups and the State under Globalization: Political Violence, Elites, and Security. [under contract with Routledge].

Hristov, J. Theorizing Non-State Armed Actors in the Era of Economic Globalization: Beyond the Criminal and the Terrorist. In Hristov, J., Sprague, J. and Tauss, A. (Eds.), Paramilitary groups  and the State under Globalization: Political Violence, Elites, and Security. [under contract with Routledge]

Hristov, J. and Spring, K. Paramilitarism in Progress: the Low-Intensity War against Popular Mobilizations Honduras. In Hristov, J., Sprague, J., and Tauss, A. (Eds.), Paramilitary groups and the State under Globalization: Political Violence, Elites, and Security. [under contract with Routledge]. 

RESEARCH QUESTIONS:

1.What is the nature, prevalence and core patterns in the relationship between land dispossession and paramilitary and/or state violence in Mexico, Honduras, and Guatemala?

2.What is the role and various alliances of state and non-state armed actors in processes of resource appropriation, dispossession as well as repression and disarticulation of movements of resistance?

ENGAGEMENT WITH GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTOR
STAKEHOLDERS


In addition to scholarly contributions, the intended outcomes of the project “Violence and Land Dispossession in Central America and Mexico” include:

1) informing policy-makers, governments and the private sector in Canada and the countries under investigation; and

2) proposing policies and possible kinds of economic linkages with these countries that can contribute to reducing violence.

PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES


The project “Violence and Land Dispossession in Central America and Mexico” adopts a participatory methodology model which takes as a starting point the needs of communities affected by violence and tries to address these at every stage of the knowledge creation process including, research design, fieldwork, data analysis, and knowledge dissemination while promoting a horizontal relationship between academics and participants.

To this end, one of the intended outcomes of the project is the production of a documentary entitled “Land Wars, Dispossession and Resistance in Latin America”. Furthermore, the project has been used as a platform for facilitating a South-South solidarity by creating an opportunity for communication and exchange between two land-rights movements – from the Aguan region of Honduras and Chiapas, Mexico, whose members have been facing violence related to land disputes, land occupations, forced evictions, and abuses by state and non-state forces in their respective countries.